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Kidney Failure

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To Prevent Uremia, 4 Indicators Should Be Controlled Well

To Prevent Uremia, 4 Indicators Should Be Controlled Well
For patients with kidney disease, to prevent the arrival of uremia, it must be actively treated. The earlier to stabilize renal function, the more beneficial to the recovery of the disease, and the less damage to patients. But for many patients, during the treatment, they attach more importance to some symptoms such as occult blood, edema, proteinuria, serum creatinine, etc., while ignoring some common indicators that previously exist.

High blood pressure

Most kidney patients will be accompanied by hypertension, mainly after the renal function is damaged, the ability to regulate water, sodium and electrolyte in the body is reduced, and kidney tissues are damaged, which can result in poor blood circulation, leading to increased blood pressure.

But not a few patients think that hypertension is the patent of the elderly, and is not related to kidney disease, so even if there is kidney disease, they do not pay attention to the monitoring and treatment of blood pressure so that hypertension quietly damage the kidneys and accelerate the development of renal failure.

To control high blood pressure, you should take anti-hypertensive drugs on time and follow a low salt diet.

High blood sugar

Both diabetes and hypertension are metabolic diseases, but its harm is greater than hypertension, which will directly speed up the progress of kidney disease. Diabetic nephropathy is kidney damage caused by poor long-term blood sugar control, which is faster and more likely than other kidney diseases to develop uremia. Therefore, kidney patients should not only monitor blood pressure, proteinuria and other indicators, but also to monitor blood sugar.

If kidney patients do not have diabetes themselves, they can choose not to use drugs, and simple cases of high blood sugar can be improved through diet management and proper exercise. Diet should choose food with low glycemic index, stick to the dietary principle of low sugar and low salt. Exercise should choose gentle exercises, such as jogging, fast walking, gymnastics and so on. When lowering blood sugar, pay attention to detecting blood sugar level and hemoglobin a1c. Diabetic nephropathy patients should strictly take hypoglycemic drugs to treat diabetes so as to minimize damage to renal function.

High uric acid

Excess uric acid will deposit into the kidney if not excreted timely, and impaired renal function will in turn lead to poor metabolism of uric acid, forming a vicious cycle. To improve this condition, kidney patients should reduce uric acid levels while improving renal function. To reduce uric acid level, you can choose medication to inhibit the production of uric acid, such as allopurinol and Febuxostat Tablets, and medication to discharge uric acid, such as probenecid, sulfinpyrazone, and benzbromarone. As to the diet, you should stick to low purine, low fat and low salt diet, eat less or avoid animal organs, seafood, soup, etc. And it is better to give up smoking and drinking.


Overweight or obesity can aggravate the metabolic burden of kidney, and easily cause metabolic diseases such as hypertension and hyperlipidemia, which is not conducive to the treatment of kidney disease and the recovery of renal function. You can calculate by BMI whether you are overweight or obese. BMI (body mass index) = weight/ height2(kg / ㎡). Normal value is 18.5 ~ 23.9. More than 24 is overweight.

If you have any kidney disease associated questions, such as proteinuria, occult blood, swelling and serum creatinine, you can leave a message below or contact online doctor.

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