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Diabetic Nephropathy

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Be Careful with Diabetic Retinopathy

Be Careful with Diabetic Retinopathy
Long-term hyperglycemia can lead to systemic vascular diseases, especially microvascular diseases, and thus cause serious damage to heart, brain, kidney, eyes and feet.

Take diabetic eye complications for example, diabetic retinopathy is enough to make people afraid.

Severe diabetic retinopathy can lead to irreversible blindness and even blindness.

According to NHS data, there are 1,280 cases of blindness caused by diabetic retinopathy in the UK alone each year, while 4,200 people in the UK are believed to be at risk for retinopathy related to vision loss.

For diabetic patients, from the diagnosis, the battle of diabetic retinopathy has began.

1. To have a visual exam at least once a year

Diabetic retinopathy may have appeared when the following four symptoms occur:

The sudden change of vision and blurred vision;

Dazzling, eye spot;

When looking at the object, there is a black, missing, distortion.

Eye pain.

2. To monitor blood sugar level and glycated hemoglobin regularly

Control of glycated hemoglobin and blood sugar:

4% ~ 6% : normal blood glucose control;

6% ~ 7% : better blood glucose control;

7% ~ 8% : general blood glucose control;

8 ~ 9% : poor control, blood glucose control should be strengthened;

>9% : poor blood sugar control.

3. To strictly control blood sugar through drugs, insulin, diet and exercise

Hyperglycemia is one of the risk factors for diabetic retinopathy. The higher the blood sugar, the longer the course of the disease, the higher the risk of diabetic retinopathy.

In patients with a 5-year history of diabetes, 25% have retinopathy; In patients with a 10-year history of diabetes, 60% have retinopathy; In patients with a 15-year history of diabetes, 75% have retinopathy; In patients with a 25-year history of diabetes, 97% have retinopathy.

In addition, hypertension and high blood lipids are also important factors leading to diabetic retinopathy and should be strictly controlled.

If diabetic retinopathy has occurred, how to treat it?

To treat it comprehensively so as to prevent vision loss.

1. Controlling diabetes

Controlling blood sugar to normal or near normal levels can reverse early diabetic retinopathy.

2. Medication

Some drugs, such as Doxium, are helpful for the regression of microangioma, and TCM syndrome differentiation is effective for the treatment of simple diabetes, which can alleviate and control the development of the disease.

3. Laser treatment

For more than 30 years, laser therapy has been the most effective and widely used technique for the treatment of diabetic retinopathy.

4. Surgical treatment

Vitreoretinal surgery is necessary when diabetic retinopathy is very serious, such as non-absorbable vitreous hemorrhage and traction of the retinal detachment.

If you have any problems about diabetes, diabetic eye disease, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic feet and so on, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.

Tag: Diabetes
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